Also available at: http://cpj.sagepub.com/content/25/8/412.abstract
doi: 10.1177/000992288602500807CLIN PEDIATR August 1986 vol. 25no. 8 412-415
Paul S. Williamson, Department of Family Practice, The University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa
Nolan Donovan Evans, Department of Family Practice, The University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa
Eleven male newborns were circumcised with a local dorsal penile nerve block, and 13 controls were circumcised without anesthetic. Matched pairs of pre- and postcircumcision cortisol levels in the two groups were compared. The adrenal cortisol response to surgery was not significantly reduced by the administration of lidocaine. Blood sampling and anesthetic injection of venipuncture alone did not evoke the adrenal response in uncircumcised control infants. Cortical input or secondary epinephrine elevation may be producing the cortisol elevation in infants despite regional blockage of the afferent nerve pathways.